Mumbai, the city of Dreams is the vibrant and pulsating capital of the state of Maharashtra. It was previously known as bombay. It derives its name from “Mumbadevi”, the patron Goddess of the fisher folk. Originally, it comprised of seven islands of Colaba, Fort, Byculla, Parel, Worli, Matunga and mahim, Mumbai is still a fast growing city, expanding into the well planned environs of Navi Mumbai.
Mumbai is India’s principal financial, commercial, communications and transportation centre. The city has the country’s largest and busiest port. Mumbai is a city of tall sky scrappers, wide sprawling slums, one of them being the biggest in Asia – Its a city of tinsel dreams and childhood wonders that almost come true.
History of Mumbai
The early inhabitants of the island were cavemen, for whose presence stone implements found on the sites stand evidence. Later the kolis, fisherfolk came to inhabit the island, followed by the Bhandaris or palm tappers, the agriculturists and the menials.
Bombay was part of the Mauryan Empire under the great Buddhist Emperor Asoka. After Asoka, it came under the Satavahana Kings. The Satavahana kings could not hold on to bombay for long because the Maurya and Chalukya dynasties came up successively as great powers.
Later, Bombay came under the Silhara kings. After this, it fell into the hands of bhimadeva of Deccan. By 1510, the portuguese were becoming a force to be reckoned with. In 1534, a treaty was signed between the Sultan Bahadur Shah and the portuguese. The portuguese called it Bombaim or Good bay, which is said to have becomes its name.
In 1625, and Anglo Dutch fleet captured Bombay Fort by a surprise attack and left as suddenly. In 1661, King Charles II of England married Princess Catherine of Portugal and he received ‘bombay’ as part of Dowry. In 1668, it was handed over to the East India Company. Politically, bombay had come under the direct rule of the British.
The year 1864 marked the beginning of modern water supply and in 1885, bombay was lit with gas. The entry of Mahatma Gandhi in 1920 into Indian politics proved a turning point and Mumbai played an important role in the political destiny of the country, which finally gained independence in 1947.
Geography of Mumbai
The traperzoid shaped island city lies off the northern Konkan coast and is set in the shimmering waters of the Arabian sea. Much of Mumbai is a low lying plain, almost a fourth of which lies below sea level. This plain is flanked by two ridges of low hills on the east and west.
Climate of Mumbai
The climate of Mumbai is mainly warm and humid. Between October and February, the air is fresh, the skies are uncloudy blue and December – February is pleasantly cool.
In March, the heat and humidity start mounting and July is extremely hot and sticky. Then in July / August / September come the torrential downpours. when the entire Mumbai gets flooded, but still the spirit of Mumbai goes on, and people still happily go to work. temperatures vary from 35 deg in May to 15 deg in January. The vegetation mainly consists of Coconut palms, tamarind, banyan and mango trees.
The population of Mumbai is approx 10000000. it is made up of a variety of people, coming from all different parts of the country. Its often said that Mumbai is a city that never sleeps.